Jaimoukha notes that the first confirmed appearance of a consolidated Vainakh nation in the North Caucasus spanning the range the Zygii would later have (with a few additions later) was after the fall of Urartu, and notes that numerous people think that they were a regathering of Nakh tribes fleeing the crumbling state and the invasion of the Armenians, who ended up assimilating most of those who stayed behind.Yerevan is thought to be the site of the similarly named ancient Èribuni (from the Nakh nation-tribe of the Èrs, which lived in the region bun, the root in Chechen that generated the word “shelter” or “lair”).The remains include dwellings, cobble bridges, altars, iron objects, bones, and clay and stone objects. Grains that were grown included wheat, rye and barley.Cattle, sheep, goats, donkeys, pigs and horses were kept.There were shops, where artisans worked on and sold pottery, stone-casting, bone-carving, and stone-carving.There is evidence of an advanced stage of metallurgy.
Chechen society has traditionally been organized around many autonomous local clans, called taips.
The proto-language that is thought to be the ancestor of all Eastern Caucasian (“Alarodian”) languages, in fact, has words for concepts such as the wheel (which is first found in the Central Caucasus around 4000–3000 BCE), so it is thought that the region had intimate links to the Fertile Crescent (many scholars supporting the thesis that the Eastern Caucasians originally came from the Northern Fertile Crescent, and backing this up with linguistic affinities of the Urartian and Hurrian language to the Northeast Caucasus).
Johanna Nichols has suggested that the ancestors of Eastern Caucasians had been involved in the birth of civilization in the Fertile Crescent.
However, many others disagree, holding the Chechens to have lived in their present-day lands for over 10000 years.
Many scholars, such as Johanna Nichols hold that the Durdzuks were descended from extremely ancient migrations from the Fertile Crescent to the Caucasus, perhaps due to population or political pressures back in the Fertile Crescent.